Long-term disease surveillance in Bandundu region, Democratic Republic of the Congo : A model for early detection and prevention of Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
After the large-scale outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) in Bandundu region, Democratic Republic of the Congo, a program was developed to help detect and prevent future outbreaks of EHF in the region.
The long-term surveillance and prevention strategy is based on early recognition by physicians, immediate initiation of enhanced barrier-nursing practices, and the use of an immunohistochemical diagnostic test performed on formalin-fixed skin specimens of patients who die of suspected viral hemorrhagic fever.
The program was implemented in September 1995 during a 4-day workshop with 28 local physicians representing 17 of 22 health zones in the region.
Specimen collection kits were distributed to clinics in participating health zones, and a follow-up evaluation was conducted after 6 months.
The use of a formalin-fixed skin specimen for laboratory confirmation of EHF can provide an appropriate method for EHF surveillance when linked with physician training, use of viral hemorrhagic fever isolation precautions, and follow-up investigation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus Ebola, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Fièvre hémorragique Ebola, Virose, Infection, Homme, Surveillance biologique, Long terme, Prévention, Dépistage, Programme sanitaire, Congo(République démocratique), Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ebola virus, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Biological monitoring, Long term, Prevention, Medical screening, Sanitary program, Congo(Democratic republic), Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0199998
Code Inist : 002B05C02I4. Création : 16/11/1999.