Ebola outbreak in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo : Discovery and Control measures.
The Ebola epidemic in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, was recognized because of a nosocomial outbreak in Kikwit General Hospital.
Initially, a diagnosis of shigella infection was suspected because many patients presented with bloody diarrhea.
On 4 May 1995, blood samples from 14 acutely ill patients were sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta), and on 9 May, a diagnosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever was confirmed.
The major disease control measures that were undertaken were the isolation of patients in a quarantine ward at Kikwit General Hospital, the distribution of protective equipment to health care workers and family members caring for Ebola patients, the use of barrier nursing techniques, the distribution of health education material, active and passive case finding, and the burying of the deceased in plastic bags by a trained team of Red Cross volunteers who wore gloves and protective clothing.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus Ebola, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Fièvre hémorragique Ebola, Virose, Infection, Homme, Congo(République démocratique), Afrique, Prévention, Transmission homme homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ebola virus, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Congo(Democratic republic), Africa, Prevention, Transmission from man to man
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0199997
Code Inist : 002B05C02I4. Création : 16/11/1999.