Previous research based on problem-behavior theory has found that early age of onset of substance use is associated with engaging in multiple health risk behaviors among high school students.
It is unknown whether these relationships begin during early adolescence.
To examine the relationships between early age of onset of cigarette, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use and engaging in multiple risk behaviors among middle school students.
A modified version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to 2227 sixth through eighth grade students attending 53 randomly selected middle schools in North Carolina.
A Health Risk Behavior Scale was constructed from 16 behaviors, including indicators of violence and weapon carrying ; current substance use ; nonuse of helmets when biking, in-line skating or skateboarding ; not wearing a seat belt ; riding with a driver who had been drinking ; and suicide plans.
Among this sample of middle school students, the scale had a mean (SD) of 4.1 (2.7) (range=0-15), and had a high internal reliability coefficient (alpha=0.74).
The independent variables included first time use of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine at age 11 years or earlier ; actual age of onset of each substance ; race and ethnicity ; family composition ; sex ; school grade ; academic ranking ; and older age for school grade. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Tabagisme, Age, Précoce, Comportement, Risque, Santé, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Adolescent, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Tobacco smoking, Age, Early, Behavior, Risk, Health, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Adolescent, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0197900
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.