Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood.
To examine the long-term effects of an intervention combining teacher training, parent education, and social competence training for children during the elementary grades on adolescent health-risk behaviors at age 18 years.
Nonrandomized controlled trial with follow-up 6 years after intervention.
Public elementary schools serving high-crime areas in Seattle, Wash.
Of the fifth-grade students enrolled in participating schools. 643 (76%) were given written parental consent for the longitudinal study and 598 (93%) were followed up and interviewed at age 18 years.
A full intervention provided in grades 1 through 6 of 5 days of in-service training for teachers each intervention year, developmentally appropriate parenting classes offered to parents when children were in grades 1 through 3 and 5 through 6, and developmentally adjusted social competence training for children in grades 1 and 6. A late intervention, provided in grades 5 and 6 only paralleled the full intervention at these grades.
Main Outcome Measures
Self-reported violent and nonviolent crime, substance use, sexual activity, pregnancy, bonding to school, school achievement, grade repetition and school dropout, suspension and/or expulsion, and school misbehavior ; delinquency charges from court records ; grade point average ; California Achievement Test scores ; and disciplinary action reports from school records. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Risque, Violence, Toxicomanie, Gestation, Prévalence, Prévention, Adolescent, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Risk, Violence, Drug addiction, Pregnancy, Prevalence, Prevention, Adolescent, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0197269
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.