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  1. Interindividual variation of physical load in a work task.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives This study analyzed the variation in physical work load among subjects performing an identical work task.

    Methods Electromyographs from the trapezius and infraspinatus muscles and wrist movements were recorded bilaterally from 49 women during a highly repetitive industrial work task.

    An interview and a physical examination were used to define 12 potential explanatory factors, namely, age, anthropometric measures, muscle strength, work stress, and musculoskeletal disorders.

    Results For the electromyographs, the means of the 10th percentiles were 2.2% and 2.8% of the maximal voluntary electrical activity (% MVE) for the trapezius and infraspinatus muscles, respectively.

    However, the interindividual variations were very large [coefficients of variation (CV) 0.75 and 0.62, respectively]. Most of the variance could not be explained ; only height, strength, and coactivation of the 2 muscles contributed significantly (R2adj 0.20-0.52).

    The variation was still large, though smaller (CV <=0.63), for values normalized to relative voluntary electrical activity (RVE).

    For the wrist movements, the median velocity was 29 degrees per second, and the interindividual variations were small (CV <=0.24).

    Six factors contributed to the explained variance (R2adj 0.12-0.55).). Conclusions The interindividual variation is small for wrist movements when the same work tasks are performed. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Condition travail, Evaluation, Surveillance, Industrie, Homme, Femelle, Comparaison interindividuelle, Electromyographie, Méthodologie, Biais méthodologique, Physiologie travail, Charge physique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Working condition, Evaluation, Surveillance, Industry, Human, Female, Interindividual comparison, Electromyography, Methodology, Methodological bias, Occupational physiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0196904

    Code Inist : 002B29C01. Création : 16/11/1999.