Objectives The study investigated whether indicators of health, work conditions, or life-style predict subsequent unemployment and also the unemployment consequences related to health or life-style.
Methods A questionnaire was administered to 781 male construction and 877 male forest workers (aged 20-49 years and working at the beginning of the study) in 1989 and 1994.
Employment status during follow-up was ranked into the following 4 categories according to the employment status and unemployment time : continuously employed, re-employed, short-term (<=24 months) unemployed and long-term (<=24 months) unemployed.
Results The following base-line factors were associated with long-term unemployment during follow-up among the construction workers : age>40 years, poor subjective health, smoking, frequent heavy use of alcohol, low job satisfaction, marital status (single), and unemployment during the year preceding the initial survey.
Among the forest workers, age>40 years, frequent stress symptoms, and preceding unemployment entered the model.
In addition smoking predicted unemployment among the forest workers with no preceding unemployment.
The proportion of regular smokers decreased among the long-term unemployed.
Physical exercise was more frequent at the time of follow-up than it was initially, particularly among the unemployed.
Stress symptoms increased among the construction workers, but musculoskeletal symptoms decreased significantly among the long-term unemployed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Surveillance, Statut professionnel, Chomage, Valeur prédictive, Forestier, Homme, Evaluation, Condition travail, Santé, Mode de vie, Etude longitudinale, Industrie construction, Stress, Psychologie travail, Modèle prévision, Histoire professionnelle, Système musculosquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Surveillance, Professional status, Unemployment, Predictive value, Forester, Human, Evaluation, Working condition, Health, Life style, Follow up study, Construction industry, Stress, Occupational psychology, Forecast model, Musculoskeletal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0196902
Code Inist : 002B30B02B. Création : 16/11/1999.