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  1. Precautions against industrial accidents : experience in applying the Seveso II Directive in central and eastern European countries.

    Article - En anglais

    Adopted approaches to safety reports and internal emergency plans are described.

    Based on the provisions of the Seveso II Directive and on the achieved state of hazard prevention management of the respective enterprises in central and eastern European states, reports and plans were prepared.

    Although these states are no members of the European Union, the parties recognised the requirements of the Seveso II Directive as a working basis.

    In detail : Methodical experience in preparing safety reports and emergency plans include a methodology in the three main steps : Analysis of information on hazardous substances, hazard analysis including all plants, more specific hazard analysis for representative plants.

    Basic ways of forming scenarios are given.

    According to a procedure, various types of scenarios were usually taken into account.

    Based on the assessment of effects of a substance release, important conclusions can be drawn regarding the extent of danger prevention.

    In most cases, the structure of the described internal accident emergency plan turned out to be helpful.

    The programmed system DISMA (Disaster Management) which is widely used in Germany turned out to be a suitable tool for the internal as well as external emergency planning.

    An example of information to the population is described.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Europe Est, Europe, Europe Centrale, Industrie chimique, Produit dangereux, Sécurité, Risque accidentel, Analyse risque, Prévention accident, Gestion risque, Protection environnement, Législation, Directive européenne, Plan urgence, Information public

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eastern Europe, Europe, Central Europe, Chemical industry, Dangerous product, Safety, Hazard, Risk analysis, Accident prevention, Risk management, Environmental protection, Legislation, European directive, Emergency plans, Public information

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0196820

    Code Inist : 001D07W. Création : 16/11/1999.