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  1. Provider-reported illness and absence due to illness among Children attending child-care homes and centers in San Diego, Calif.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    To compare the incidence of provider-reported illness and absence due to illness among children attending small child-care homes, large child-care homes, and child care centers in a large metropolitan area.

    Methods 

    From July 6,1992, through January 28,1994, we collected information from child-care providers on illness and absence due to illness at 64 small and 58 large child-care homes and 41 child-care centers.

    This included 113 446 child-weeks of information on 5360 children.

    Results 

    Providers reported 14 474 illness episodes (6.6 episodes per child-year) and 8593 days of absence due to illness (3.9 days per child-year).

    The incidence of illness episodes was greatest in children who were younger than 1 year, white, or enrolled in small child-care homes.

    The incidence of absence due to illness was greatest in children who were 1 year of age, Hispanic, or enrolled in child-care centers.

    Respiratory symptoms were most commonly associated with illness episodes and absence due to illness.

    Conclusions 

    Children in child-care homes had a greater incidence of provider-reported illness than did those in centers.

    This risk varied by the type of facility and was greatest in small child-care homes.

    The increased risk for absence due to illness among children in child-care centers reflects exclusion and attendance patterns. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Morbidité, Absentéisme, Centre santé, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Etude comparative, Enfant, Homme, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Morbidity, Absenteeism, Health center, Epidemiology, Incidence, Comparative study, Child, Human, California, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0196651

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.