Low income, medically underserved communities are at increased risk for tuberculosis.
Limited population-based national data are available about tuberculous infection in young people from such backgrounds.
To determine the prevalence of a positive tuberculin skin test among economically disadvantaged youth in a federally funded job training program during 1995 and 1996, the authors evaluated data from medical records of 22,565 randomly selected students from over 100 job training centers throughout the United States.
An estimated 5.6% of students had a documented positive skin test or history of active tuberculosis.
Rates were highest among those who were racial/ethnic minorities, foreign born, and (among foreign-born students) older in age (p<0.001).
Weighted rates (adjusting for sampling) were 1.3% for white, 2.2% for Native American, 4.0% for black, 9.6% for Hispanic, and 40.7% for Asian/Pacific Islander students ; rates were 2.4% for US-born and 32.7% for foreign-born students.
Differences by geographic region of residence were not significant after adjusting for other demographic factors.
Tuberculin screening of socioeconomically disadvantaged youth such as evaluated in this study provides important sentinel surveillance data concerning groups at risk for tuberculous infection and allows recommended public health interventions to be offered.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Tuberculine, Test cutané, Etudiant, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Adulte jeune, Homme, Adolescent, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Tuberculin, Skin test, Student, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Young adult, Human, Adolescent, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0196419
Code Inist : 002B05B02O. Création : 16/11/1999.