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  1. The health benefits of physical activity in children and adolescents : implications for chronic disease prevention.

    Article - En anglais

    Clinical, epidemiological and basic research evidence clearly supports the inclusion of regular physical activity as a tool for the prevention of chronic disease and the enhancement of overall health.

    In children, activities of a moderate intensity may enhance overall health, and assist in preventing chronic disease in at-risk youth.

    The numerous health benefits of regular exercise are dependent on the type, intensity and volume of activity pursued by the individual.

    These benefits include reduction of low density lipoproteins while increasing high density lipoprotein : improvement of glucose metabolism in patients with type II diabetes ; improved strength, self esteem and body image : and reduction in the occurrence of back injuries.

    In addition, a progressive, moderate-intensity exercise program will not adversely effect the immune system and may have a beneficial effect on the interleukin-2/natural killer cell system.

    Furthermore, by decreasing sedentary behaviors and, thus, increasing daily physical activity, individuals may experience many stress-reducing benefits, which may enhance the immune system.

    Conclusion Moderate intensity exercise of a non-structured nature seems to facilitate most of the disease prevention goals and health promoting benefits. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Exercice physique, Santé, Maladie, Chronique, Système immunitaire, Prévention, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Santé physique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical exercise, Health, Disease, Chronic, Immune system, Prevention, Child, Human, Adolescent

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0192509

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.