Evaluation of 2 techniques of HIV pre-test counselling for pregnant women in West Africa.
This study compares the effect of group and individual pre-test counselling on uptake of HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) by African pregnant women and knowledge about HIV/AIDS in 2 antenatal clinics of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
Pre-test counselling was offered to 3958 pregnant women, 927 by group counselling and 3031 by individual counselling.
Acceptance of the test improved with individual counselling, which was already high with group counselling (93.3% versus 89.4%). The return rate for results was independent of the pre-test counselling technique.
At post-test session, knowledge about HIV/AIDS was better after group than individual counselling, except for reporting the existence of an asymptomatic stage of HIV infection.
At a public health level, group pre-test counselling can be easily integrated into existing sessions of antenatal care counselling, routinely performed by the current clinic staff.
Our findings may help programme managers in the field of maternal and child health to choose optimal options of pre-test counselling adapted to local circumstances in resource-poor settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Femelle, Gestation, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Evaluation, Programme sanitaire, Conseil clinique, Prévention, Transmission verticale, Afrique Ouest, Afrique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Female, Pregnancy, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Evaluation, Sanitary program, Clinical counseling, Prevention, Vertical transmission, West Africa, Africa, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0192344
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.