A review of published and unpublished data indicates the prevalence of high-risk behaviours for HIV transmission in segments of the Bangladeshi population.
These include casual unprotected sex, heterosexual as well as between males, prior to and after marriage.
Intravenous drug use (IVDU) exists though illicit drugs are more commonly inhaled.
There is a fear, however, that inhalers may turn to injecting drugs, as is common in neighbouring countries.
The lack of public awareness of HIV/AIDS, and misconceptions about the disease, may contribute to continued high-risk behaviours by segments of the population and, thus, to the spread of HIV.
Bangladesh's proximity to India and Myanmar (countries with high HIV endemicity and a rapidly growing number of cases) increases fears of an epidemic in Bangladesh.
This proximity will only be a risk factor, however, if high-risk contacts occur between nationals of these countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Facteur risque, Musulman, Bengla Desh, Asie, Comportement sexuel, Substance toxicomanogène, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Risk factor, Muslim, Bangladesh, Asia, Sexual behavior, Drug of abuse, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0191664
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.