Background and objectives-While socioeconomically derived differences in health and health services use have long been a subject of study, differences based on gender, considered as the explicative variable, have scarcely been quantified from population-based data.
The aim of this investigation was to analyse inequalities in health and health care services utilisation between men and women in Catalonia (Spain).
Design, setting, participants, and measures-Data from the Catalan Health Interview Survey, a cross sectional survey conducted in 1994, were used.
A total of 6604 women and 5641 men aged 15 years or over were included for analysis.
Health related variables studied were self perceived health, restriction of activity (past two weeks), and presence of chronic conditions ; health services use variables analysed were having visited a health professional (past two weeks), an optometrist (12 months), or a dentist (12 months) ; and hospitalisation (past 12 months).
Age standardised proportions were computed according to gender, and prevalence odds ratios (OR) were derived from logistic regression equations.
Main results-Women more frequently rated their health as fair or poor than men (29.8% v 21.4% ; OR=1.22 ; 95% CI : 1.10,1.34).
More women than men reported having restricted activity days (OR=1.86 ; 95% CI : 1.59,2.18) and chronic conditions (OR=1.74 ; 95% CI : 1.60,1.89). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Espagne, Europe, Homme, Sexe, Santé, Evaluation, Soin santé primaire, Utilisation, Inégalité, Consultation, Hospitalisation, Incapacité, Autoperception, Etude transversale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Spain, Europe, Human, Sex, Health, Evaluation, Primary health care, Use, Inequality, Consultation, Hospitalization, Disability, Self perception, Cross sectional study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0191624
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.