Recent improvement in child mortality has taken place in all regions of the world.
In developing countries, major remaining causes are neonatal problems, diarrheal diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases, and respiratory diseases.
Foreign aid has come in many forms, among them individual persons, nongovemmental organizations, national governments, and international agencies.
Governmental involvement in health activities abroad can advance foreign policy interests as well as help protect a country's citizens against existing and potential disease foci.
Intergovernmental health agencies, regional and worldwide, have been in existence only in this century ; the World Health Organization is barely 50 years old and suffers from US delinquency in paying its dues.
Child labor has health aspects in industrialized as well as in developing countries.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child has significant implications for health.
Despite broad support, including that of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the United States has not ratified the convention, the only nation in the world beside Somalia not to do so.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat sanitaire, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Etude comparative, Région géographique, Aide internationale, Organisation internationale, Coordination, Emploi, Droits enfant
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health status, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Mortality, Comparative study, Geographical division, International assistance, International organization, Coordination, Employment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0191145
Code Inist : 002B30A06E. Création : 16/11/1999.