In order to establish guidelines for highchair accident prevention we investigated causes, mode and complications of highchair accidents by the following methods : The charts of 103 children attending our Accident & Emergency department for highchair related injuries were studied retrospectively.
Questionnaires were sent to the parents to obtain detailed information about the mode of accident.
They were also asked to suggest preventive measures.
In addition, a random sample survey was performed with 163 families inquiring about the rate of highchair use and the incidence of highchair related accidents.
Of the 103 infants, 15.5% had sustained a skull fracture, 13.6% a brain concussion, 2.0% limb fractures and 68.9% a simple contusion of the head or lacerations to the scalp or face.
The questionnaires were fully completed by 61.2% of parents.
Every second family reported that their infant had tried to stand up in the highchair before falling off (only one child had been wearing a restraint).
In a further 14.3% of accidents the highchair tipped over.
Eighty-seven percent of parents would appreciate a pre-installation of restraints, 54.0% requested more informative instructions for users, and 33.3% asked for products with better stability.
The random sample survey revealed a highchair use rate of 92% ; 18% of families used highchairs equipped with restraints, and 6% reported highchair accidents sustained by their children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chaise, Haut, Accident, Enfant, Homme, Questionnaire, Prévention, Contusion, Fracture, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chair, High, Accident, Child, Human, Questionnaire, Prevention, Contusion, Fracture, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0190991
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.