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  1. Inhalant use among urban American Indian youth.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    To assess the prevalence of inhalant use among urban American Indian youth and to examine differences between inhalant users and non-users.

    Design

    Baseline (T1) self-report questionnaires completed in 5th-6th grade and at seven annual follow-up assessments (T2-T8).

    Settings

    Seattle metropolitan area.

    Participants

    Two hundred and twenty-four Indian youth.

    Measurements

    Youth-completed measures of substance use, ethnic self-identity, involvement in traditional Indian activities, family conflict, family history of alcoholism, peer and sibling deviance, self-esteem, delinquency, aggression, anxiety, depression, sensation seeking, conduct disorder and alcohol dependence.

    Findings

    Lifetime inhalant use was reported by 12.3% of adolescents.

    At T1, inhalant users had significantly lower perceived self-worth and average annual household incomes and significantly greater density of familial alcoholism and expression of aggressive and delinquent conduct than non-users.

    Aggressive behavior was the most important T1 predictor of inhalant use.

    Lifetime conduct and alcohol dependence disorders were 3.3 and 2.6 times more prevalent among inhalant users than non-users at T5.

    Inhalant users had more extensive deviant peer networks, were more sensation-seeking, and evidenced lower perceived self-worth than non-users at T8.

    Conclusions

    Inhalant use was less prevalent in this particular sample of urban Indian adolescents than in most studies of reservation Indian youth. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Solvant organique, Composé volatil, Prévalence, Amérindien, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Organic solvent, Volatile compound, Prevalence, Amerindian, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human, Follow up study, Epidemiology, Mental health

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0190820

    Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 16/11/1999.