The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a Danish translation of the Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ) for children in Danish children.
The PCQ was translated using a translation-back-translation method.
The subjects were 352 healthy children and 40 children with juvenile arthritis (JA), aged 8-17 y. Sixteen of the JA children were divided into a high-pain group (n=7) and a low-pain group (n=9).
The results were factor analysed using principal component analysis with varimax rotation.
Clinical pain intensity was measured using visual analogue scales (VAS) from the Varni/Thompson Pediatric Pain Questionnaire.
Experimental pain was induced using a cold pressor pain paradigm and outcome measures were pain intensity, pain discomfort and tolerance to cold pressor pain.
A seven-factor solution emerged as the most consistent factor structure.
Four subscales, Seeking Social Support (SSS), Cognitive Distraction (CD), Externalizing (EXT) and Internalizing/Catastrophizing (INT), corresponded with the parallel subscales proposed by Reid et al. (Pain 1998 ; 76 : 83-96).
Two subscales, Positive Self-Statements (PSS) and Behavioral Distraction (BD), were composed of four of the five items from the previously proposed subscales.
One subscale, Information Seeking/Problem Solving (IP), consisted of items from two subscales proposed by Reid et al., i.e. Information Seeking and Problem Solving. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrite chronique juvénile, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Complication, Douleur, Danemark, Europe, Evaluation, Validité, Fiabilité, Questionnaire, Mesure, Coping, Chronique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Child, Human, School age, Complication, Pain, Denmark, Europe, Evaluation, Validity, Reliability, Questionnaire, Measurement, Coping, Chronic, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0190812
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 16/11/1999.