The sensitivity, positive predictive value, and representativeness of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were assessed.
Sensitivity was estimated at four centers in June through August 1992, by matching independently identified injuries with those in the CHIRPP database.
The positive predictive value was determined by reviewing all « injuries » in the database (at Montreal Children's Hospital) that could not be matched.
Representativeness was assessed by comparing missed with captured injuries (at Montreal Children's Hospital) on demographic, social, and clinical factors.
Sensitivity ranged from 30% to 91%, and the positive predictive value was 99.9% (i.e., the frequency of false-positive capture was negligible).
The representativeness study compared 277 missed injuries with 2,746 captured injuries.
The groups were similar on age, sex, socioeconomic status, delay before presentation, month, and day of presentation.
Injuries resulting in admissions, poisonings, and those presenting overnight were, however, more likely to be missed.
The adjusted odds ratio of being missed by CHIRPP for admitted injuries (compared with those treated and released) was 13.07 (95% confidence interval 7.82-21.82) ; for poisonings (compared with all other injuries), it was 9.91 (95% confidence interval 5.39-18.20) ; and for injuries presenting overnight (compared with those presenting during the day or evening), it was 4.11 (95% confidence interval 3.11-5. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme infantile, Enfant, Homme, Prévention, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Evaluation, Qualité, Sensibilité, Facteur prédictif, Etude multicentrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Early traumatism, Child, Human, Prevention, Canada, North America, America, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Evaluation, Quality, Sensitivity, Predictive factor, Multicenter study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0190652
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 16/11/1999.