Self-management health education for chronic HIV infection.
This paper describes the design arid implementation, and presents qualitative data on the Positive Self-Management Program (PSMP), a group health education programme to help patients actively participate in their HIV/AIDS disease and symptom management.
PSMP design was guided by the needs and concerns of HIV patients and their caregivers, and by social cognitive theory.
Programme participants meet weekly in interactive health education groups for seven sessions, arid complete a structured curriculum that teaches self-management skills and information to patients : symptom assessment and management, medication use, physical exercise, relaxation, doctor-patient communication and nutrition, Each group was led by two trained peer-leaders (one HIV-positive).
Structured, open-ended telephone interviews were conducted with a sample of PSMP participants during evaluation of the programme, Responses to PSMP were favourable, emphasizing the importance of the contracting process, group social support and the PSMP resource book provided.
Subjects also described variation in HIV knowledge and experience among group participants, and emphasized the importance of changes in health-related attitudes arid behaviours as a result of PSMP education.
These results suggest that a self-management approach to HIV patient education is feasible arid accepted, and could become a useful health education technique in patients with chronic HIV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Programme éducatif, Programme sanitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Auto-gestion
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Educational schedule, Sanitary program, United States, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0188591
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 16/11/1999.