Latex allergy is becoming a major occupational health issue and dental surgeons are at risk from becoming sensitized to natural rubber latex.
A study was conducted to investigate risk factors and glove-related symptoms reported by dentists with natural rubber latex allergy.
Twenty dentists, who had undergone serological or dermatological testing for a Type I allergy to latex, were identified from a questionnaire survey.
Risk factors investigated were : gender, years in clinical practice, exposure to latex gloves, atopic history and food allergy.
The majority of dentists (75%) gave an atopic history.
Glove-related adverse reactions ranged from cutaneous to systemic manifestations.
All twenty dentists reported itching of the hands in response to latex gloves.
One respondent was unable to continue in dental practice because of her glove-related allergies ; nineteen dentists were able to continue by using synthetic, non-latex gloves.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Personnel sanitaire, Dentiste, Latex, Allergie, Homme, Facteur risque, Toxicité, Symptomatologie, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Health staff, Dentist, Latex, Allergy, Human, Risk factor, Toxicity, Symptomatology, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0186878
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 16/11/1999.