ICOH Working Group [Unemployment and Health]. Paris, FRA, 1998/09/25.
The negative psychological effects of unemployment are well documented : lowered self-esteem and confidence, social isolation, anxiety, depression, reduced life satisfaction, hopelessness about the future.
Further, it has been established that these effects often prevent re-employment.
The need for interventions to help unemployed people to minimise such psychological effects is clearly warranted, yet little psychological assistance is usually given.
This paper describes a psychological intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), the principles of which have been successfully applied through individual psychotherapy to several psychiatric disorders.
We adapted these principles to create a group-training programme for a non-psychiatric group - long term (>12 months) unemployed.
The results demonstrated that significantly more of the CBT group than the control group improved on measures of mental health, as well as on success in job-finding : four months after the completion of training 34% of the CBT group c.f. 12% of the control group had found full-time work.
Taking part-time and temporary work into account, these figures increased to 49% (CBT group) and 28% (control group), indicating the value of psychological interventions in reducing the negative psychological effects of unemployment, and helping the unemployed find jobs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Royaume Uni, Europe, Chomage, Entraînement psychologique, Programme sanitaire, Homme, Evaluation performance, Thérapie comportementale, Recherche travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United Kingdom, Europe, Unemployment, Psychological training, Sanitary program, Human, Performance evaluation, Behavior therapy, Job search
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0186487
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 16/11/1999.