Objectives-To evaluate the impact of work tasks, physical exposure, and psychosocial factors on the risk of musculoskeletal disorders in men and women, in a defined industrial setting.
Methods-116 male and 206 female fish industry workers were compared with 129 men and 208 women with more varied work.
Physical and psychosocial work load as well as musculoskeletal complaints were recorded by a questionnaire.
A physical examination was performed and an observation method was used for work evaluation. 196 male and 322 female former fish processing workers received a postal questionnaire.
The women workers in the fish industry had worse working conditions than the men for repetitiveness, constrained neck postures, and psychosocial work environment.
They also had higher prevalences of complaints of the neck and shoulder (prevalence odds ratio (POR) 1.9 ; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1 to 3.2), neck and shoulder and elbow and hand complaints (POR 2.9 ; 95% CI 1.8 to 4.7 and POR 2.8 ; 95% CI 1.6 to 4.7, respectively).
The women more often than the men left the industry because of neck and upper limb complaints.
Also, women in other work had a higher prevalence of complaints of the neck and shoulder (POR 2.3 ; 95% CI 1.1 to 5.1) than the men.
The men in the fish processing industry had a higher prevalence of complaints of the neck and shoulder than the men in other work (POR 3.6 ; 95% CI 1.6 to 8.0).
This difference was not shown up by the questionnaire. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie alimentaire, Condition travail, Facteur risque, Comparaison interindividuelle, Sexe, Homme, Etude cas témoin, Prévalence, Milieu professionnel, Facteur psychosocial, Charge physique, Système muscolusquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Occupational medicine, Food industry, Working condition, Risk factor, Interindividual comparison, Sex, Human, Case control study, Prevalence, Occupational environment, Musculoskeletal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0186046
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 16/11/1999.