This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females).
Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included.
The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires.
Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed.
Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement.
More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of ~2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of ~2/3 of the recommended daily intake.
Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate.
Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation>25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women.
The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men.
Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8% and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively.
Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r=0.176, P=0.012 and r=0.77, P=0.001), respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Thiamine, Indice masse corporelle, Carence alimentaire, Hémoglobine, Milieu urbain, Anémie, Malnutrition, Vitamine B, Micronutriment, Etat nutritionnel, Hémopathie, Trouble nutrition, Homme, Epidémiologie, Personne âgée, Indonésie, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Thiamine, Body mass index, Nutritional deficiency, Hemoglobin, Urban environment, Anemia, Malnutrition, B-Vitamins, Micronutrient, Nutritional status, Hemopathy, Nutrition disorder, Human, Epidemiology, Elderly, Indonesia, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0185022
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 16/11/1999.