Background and Purpose-Stroke has been the second leading cause of death in large cities in China since the 1980s.
Meanwhile, the prevalences of hypertension and smoking have steadily increased over the last 2 decades.
Therefore, a community-based intervention trial was initiated in 7 Chinese cities in 1987.
The overall goal of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention aimed at reducing multiple risk factors for stroke.
The primary study objective was to reduce the incidence of stroke by 25% over 3.5 years of intervention.
Methods-In May 1987 in each of 7 the cities, 2 geographically separated communities with a registered population of about 10 000 each were selected as either intervention or control communities.
In each community, a cohort containing about 2700 subjects (>=35 years old) free of stroke was sampled, and a survey was administered to obtain baseline data and screen the eligible subjects for intervention.
In each city, a program of treatment for hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes was instituted in the intervention cohort (n2700) and health education was provided to the full intervention community (n10 000).
A follow-up survey was conducted in 1990.
Comparisons of intervention and control cohorts in each city were pooled to yield a single summary.
A total of 18 786 subjects were recruited to the intervention cohort and 18 876 to the control cohort from 7 cities.
After 3. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident cérébrovasculaire, Chine, Asie, Zone urbaine, Facteur risque, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stroke, China, Asia, Urban area, Risk factor, Sanitary program, Prevention, Incidence, Epidemiology, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0180176
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 16/11/1999.