Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students.
The inability to cope successfully with the enormous stress of medical education may lead to a cascade of consequences at both a personal and professional level.
The present study examined the short-term effects of an 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention on premedical and medical students using a well-controlled statistical design.
Findings indicate that participation in the intervention can effectively (1) reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, (2) reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, (3) increase scores on overall empathy levels, and (4) increase scores on a measure of spiritual experiences assessed at termination of intervention.
These results (5) replicated in the wait-list control group, (6) held across different experiments, and (7) were observed during the exam period.
Future research should address potential long-term effects of mindfulness training for medical and premedical students.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignement universitaire, Médecine, Programme enseignement, Complication, Stress, Angoisse anxiété, Etat dépressif, Etudiant, Traitement, Méditation, Coping, Psychothérapie corporelle, Yoga, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Higher education, Medicine, Educational program, Complication, Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Student, Treatment, Meditation, Coping, Body psychotherapy, Yoga, Health staff, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0178745
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 16/11/1999.