The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the ATS-Sardegna Campaign on life-style and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in the Sardinian population.
The Campaign was a community-based public health action programme funded by the Sardinian Government with a view to prevent CVD and promote healthy behaviour.
It was also part of the Targeted Project FAT.
MA. of the Italian National Research Council (CNR), with the main purpose of evaluating the effects of this public health initiative after a five-year intervention.
The evaluation was effected with three parallel procedures :
individual interviews with 1486 randomly chosen people ;
assessment of eating patterns through a food-frequency questionnaire ;
measurement of the mean levels of the major CVD risk factors in 1729 randomly chosen subjects (1044 in the calendar year 1992, and 685 in 1995, two and five years, respectively, after the beginning of the Campaign).
Overall, we recorded a favourable trend in eating habits in both sexes ; a significant decrease in LDL-cholesterol in males, and in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both sexes : a non-significant decrease in prevalence of smokers among males and increase among females.
The ATS-Sardegna Campaign was the first CVD prevention programme in Italy to have attained reduction in the risk profile of an entire region at the lowest ever borne cost.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Homme, Promotion santé, Sardaigne, Italie, Europe, Espérance vie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Sanitary program, Prevention, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Evaluation, Human, Health promotion, Sardinia, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0177306
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 16/11/1999.