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  1. Urban and rural fuelwood situation in the tropical rain-forest area of south-west Nigeria.

    Article - En anglais

    Our study describes a 1995 survey (1120 questionnaires) in the urban and rural rain-forests of Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria, on fuel use for cooking.

    We assessed the biofuel burning in Africa, in particular, and in tropical countries, in general.

    Included are discussions of socioeconomic conditions, descriptions of the types and numbers of stoves, fuel and combustion characteristics, specific fuel consumption in both the private and commercial sectors, fuel sources and their availability, and health effects caused by cooking with firewood.

    We determined the weights and/or dimensions of fuel units, wood residues, fireplaces and combustion chambers.

    The consumptions of firewood (in kg cap-1 yr-1) obtained by this method are of 515 in urban areas and 573 in rural areas.

    Wood usage is greater for low-income groups than for better situated householders who utilize kerosene, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and electricity for cooking.

    Agricultural residues are used to start and support wood combustion ; animal residues are not used as cooking fuels.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Economie énergie, Consommation, Bois de feu, Cuisson, Enquête, Etude socioéconomique, Comportement consommateur, Zone rurale, Zone urbaine, Danger santé, Nigéria, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Energy economy, Consumption, Fuelwood, Cooking, Survey, Socioeconomic study, Consumer behavior, Rural area, Urban area, Health hazards, Nigeria, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0177201

    Code Inist : 001D06A01C1. Création : 16/11/1999.