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  1. Differential risk factor profiles for indoor and outdoor falls in older people living at home in Nottingham, UK.

    Article - En anglais

    The objectives of this work were 

    To estimate the incidence of falls within an at-risk group of community-dwelling elderly people : to assess the risk factors associated with incident falls ; to examine the effects of incident falls on survival.

    A random sample of 1042 community-dwelling older people in Nottingham (UK) were interviewed in 1985 and survivors re-interviewed at 4-year follow-up.

    The at-risk group was defined as survivors who had not fallen in the year prior to the baseline interview (n=444).

    One-year fall recall was assessed using a questionnaire and included physical health, mobility, prescribed drugs and time spent walking.

    Body-weight and handgrip strength were measured

    Eight-year post-fall mortality was recorded.

    In 1989 117 new fallers were identified.

    These people fell a total of 233 times in the year prior to re-interview (incidence rate : 524.8 per 1000 person-years at risk : 95% confidence intervals (CI) 473.3 576.3).

    People aged less than 75 were more likely to fall outdoors than people aged 75 and over (X2=5.715, df=1, p=0.017).

    Risk factors associated with falling were ; being less healthy (odds ratio (OR) : 0.55 : p=0.052) ; having a walking speed in the range stroll/very slow/non-ambulant compared with normal brisk fast (OR : 1.99 ; p<0.01) :

    • Risk factors associated with falling were ;

    • being less healthy (odds ratio (OR) : 0.55 : p=0.052) ;

    • and number of prescribed drugs (OR : 1.30 : p=0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident corporel, Chute, Traumatisme, A domicile, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Personne âgée, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Personal injury, Fall, Trauma, At home, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Mortality, Elderly, Human, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0176705

    Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.