Although most surgical site infections (SSIs) occur after hospital discharge, there is no efficient way to identify them.
The utility of automated claims and electronic medical record data for this purpose was assessed in a cohort of 4086 nonobstetric procedures following which 96 postdischarge SSIs occurred.
Coded diagnoses, tests, and treatments were assessed by use of recursive partitioning, with 10-fold cross-validation, and logistic regression with bootstrap resampling.
Specific codes and combinations of codes identified a subset of 2% of all procedures among which 74% of SSIs had occurred.
Accepting a specificity of 92% improved the sensitivity from 74% to 92%. Use of only hospital discharge diagnosis codes plus pharmacy dispensing data had sensitivity of 77% and specificity of 94%. All of these performance characteristics were better than questionnaire responses from patients or surgeons.
Thus, information routinely collected by health care systems can be the basis of an efficient, largely passive, surveillance system for postdischarge SSIs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Plaie chirurgicale, Evaluation performance, Méthode étude, Diagnostic, Infection nosocomiale, Surveillance sanitaire, Dossier médical, Complication
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Surgical wound, Performance evaluation, Investigation method, Diagnosis, Nosocomial infection, Sanitary surveillance, Medical record, Complication
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0175558
Code Inist : 002B05A03. Création : 16/11/1999.