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  1. The effect of admission on oral rehydration-related knowledge.

    Article - En anglais

    In South Africa there has been an unenthusiastic response to oral rehydration therapy.

    Parents and patients still demand hospital therapy for gastro-enteritis, even in cases that can be successfully managed at home using oral rehydration solution (ORS).

    The aims of this study were to assess whether a period of contact with health workers (doctors, nurses and medical students) had an effect on the carers'knowledge of gastro-enteritis.

    Fifty carers of children aged 2 years and less with gastro-enteritis were interviewed on admission and on discharge from the paediatric short-stay facility.

    Eighty-eight per cent of the babies had had acute gastro-enteritis (for less than 7 days).

    According to the carers (44% on admission and 52% on discharge), teething was the commonest cause of gastro-enteritis.

    On discharge, 50% of carers did not know any of the signs and symptoms of dehydration.

    Sixty-seven per cent of carers had first tried ORS at home, but of these only 49% could prepare an acceptable solution.

    Clinics are the commonest source of information about ORS (according to 78% of carers).

    All the carers said they had received no health education in the hospital.

    On discharge only one carer knew that she had been given a follow-up date and why she had to bring the child for follow-up.

    Contact with health workers during a period of admission to the paediatric short-stay facility had no impact on caretakers'knowledge of gastro-enteritis and its management.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Nourrisson, Homme, Traitement, Connaissance, Population, Education santé, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Etude statistique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Infant, Human, Treatment, Knowledge, Population, Health education, South Africa(Republic), Africa, Statistical study, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0174481

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 16/11/1999.