In South Africa there has been an unenthusiastic response to oral rehydration therapy.
Parents and patients still demand hospital therapy for gastro-enteritis, even in cases that can be successfully managed at home using oral rehydration solution (ORS).
The aims of this study were to assess whether a period of contact with health workers (doctors, nurses and medical students) had an effect on the carers'knowledge of gastro-enteritis.
Fifty carers of children aged 2 years and less with gastro-enteritis were interviewed on admission and on discharge from the paediatric short-stay facility.
Eighty-eight per cent of the babies had had acute gastro-enteritis (for less than 7 days).
According to the carers (44% on admission and 52% on discharge), teething was the commonest cause of gastro-enteritis.
On discharge, 50% of carers did not know any of the signs and symptoms of dehydration.
Sixty-seven per cent of carers had first tried ORS at home, but of these only 49% could prepare an acceptable solution.
Clinics are the commonest source of information about ORS (according to 78% of carers).
All the carers said they had received no health education in the hospital.
On discharge only one carer knew that she had been given a follow-up date and why she had to bring the child for follow-up.
Contact with health workers during a period of admission to the paediatric short-stay facility had no impact on caretakers'knowledge of gastro-enteritis and its management.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Nourrisson, Homme, Traitement, Connaissance, Population, Education santé, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Etude statistique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Infant, Human, Treatment, Knowledge, Population, Health education, South Africa(Republic), Africa, Statistical study, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0174481
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 16/11/1999.