Comparative study of two different kinds of school furniture among children.
Apart from studies by Aagaard-Hansen and Storr-Paulsen and by Linton and others, most of the studies published on ergonomically designed furniture have been carried out with adults, usually within the office environment.
The aim of this study was to evaluate two different kinds of furniture, Mandal's furniture and the ISO standard furniture for schoolchildren, in a real-life environment and on a long-term basis.
This study was carried out with 263 children aged from 8 to 11 years after 4 or 5 years of using the same school furniture.
Two groups were selected according to the kind of furniture.
Pupils answered a questionnaire focusing on back pain and subjective perception of the school furniture.
No significant differences were found concerning the prevalence of back pain among the two groups.
The features that were found to be significantly better, after multivariate analysis, with the ergonomically designed furniture were the writing position and the chair height, independently of the other subjective factors.
A physical examination of the pupils was made after the interview, focusing on scoliosis, kyphosis and stiffness of the hamstrings and the lower back.
No significant differences were found between the two groups.
This study demonstrates that ergonomically designed furniture is preferred by the school-children.
However, there is no modification of the back pain prevalence and the pupil's physical symptoms at this age. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ergonomie conception, Mobilier, Etablissement scolaire, Ecole, Etude comparative, Rachialgie, Basculement, Siège, Confort, Morbidité, Pays industrialisé, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Enfant, Homme, Prévalence, Système musculosquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Applied ergonomics, Furniture, Educational facility, School, Comparative study, Rachialgia, Tilting, Seat, Comfort, Morbidity, Industrialized country, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Child, Human, Prevalence, Musculoskeletal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0172855
Code Inist : 002B29C01. Création : 16/11/1999.