Although body fat patterning has been related to adverse health outcomes in adults, its importance in children and adolescents is less certain.
We examined the relation of circumference (waist and hip) and skinfold-thickness (subscapular and triceps) measurements to lipid and insulin concentrations among 2996 children and adolescents aged 5-17 y. Design : This was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted in 1992-1994.
A central or abdominal distribution of body fat was related to adverse concentrations of triacylglycerol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and insulin : these associations were independent of race, sex, age, weight, and height.
These associations were observed whether fat patterning was characterized by using I) waist circumference alone (after adjustment for weight and height), 2) waist-to-hip ratio, or 3) principal components analysis.
Compared with a child at the 10th percentile of waist circumference, a child at the 90th percentile was estimated to have, on average, higher concentrations of LDL cholesterol (0.17 mmol/L). triacylglycerol (0.11 mmol/L), and insulin (6 pmol/L) and lower concentrations of HDL cholesterol (-0.07 mmol/L).
These differences, which were independent of weight and height, were significant at the 0.001 level and were consistent across race-sex groups. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Anthropométrie, Tissu adipeux, Abdomen, Hanche, Pli cutané, Lipémie, Insuline, Facteur risque, Hormone pancréatique, Biométrie corporelle, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Age scolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Anthropometry, Adipose tissue, Abdomen, Hip, Skinfold thickness, Lipemia, Insulin, Risk factor, Pancreatic hormone, Corporal biometry, Child, Human, Adolescent, School age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0170442
Code Inist : 002B24O14. Création : 16/11/1999.