To outline causative factors for the epidemic of violence among children and youth in North America and suggest roles for child and adolescent psychiatry in preventive intervention.
The committee used literature searches to identify biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors associated with violent behavior.
Children and youth are both victims and perpetrators of violence.
Risk factors include socioeconomic status, difficult temperament, chronic illness, psychiatric comorbidity, and parental psychopathology.
Access to firearms in a culture of violence presents a particularly serious risk.
Protective factors include intact family structures, prosocial peer groups, and supportive communities.
Universal, addressed to total population groups ; selective, for atrisk populations ; and indicated, for children and youth developing violent behavior.
Universal interventions including gun control and improved perinatal care are helpful, and selective interventions such as gun-free zones around schools may be successful.
Indicated programs such as gun confiscation and conflict resolution for youth at serious risk may be useful, but only when embedded within well-funded, clinically based, and community-focused programs.
Single-emphasis programs such as « Boot Camps » have intuitive appeal, but their utility is doubtful. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Délinquance juvénile, Violence, Facteur risque, Environnement social, Prévention, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Trouble comportement social
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Juvenile delinquency, Violence, Risk factor, Social environment, Prevention, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Child, Human, Adolescent, Social behavior disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0168970
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 16/11/1999.