Telephone interviews about organ donation were conducted with 4880 white respondents, 634 African-American respondents and 566 Hispanic respondents.
Forty-three percent (42.9%) of whites, 31.2% of Hispanics and 22.6% of African-Americans reported that they were willing to donate their organs after their death (p<0.001).
Logistic regression analysis revealed three significant correlates of willingness to donate across all ethnic groups :
having had a family discussion about end-of-life issues ;
the belief that a doctor does all he or she can to save a life before pursuing donation ;
and concerns about surgical'disfigurement'of a relative's body after donation.
Concerns in relation to body disfigurement were more prevalent among African-American and Hispanic respondents (p<0.001) than among white respondents.
Public education should : a) stress the need for family communication about end-of-life issues including organ donation ; b) underline the fact that donation is considered only after all efforts to save the life of the patient are exhausted ; and c) reassure minorities that the body of the donor is treated respectfully and not disfigured.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homotransplantation, Rein, Don organe, Niveau étude, Etude comparative, Traitement, Homme, Race, Ethnie, Transplantation, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homotransplantation, Kidney, Organ donation, Education level, Comparative study, Treatment, Human, Race, Ethnic group, Transplantation, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0168739
Code Inist : 002B25H. Création : 16/11/1999.