Study objective-To analyse the relative risk (RR) of mortality related to social factors independent of health status and occupational category.
Setting-Subjects were Swiss men and women aged 40-65 years.
Design-A random sample of 820 people living in Geneva were followed up prospectively between 1984 and 1996.
The social, occupational, and health data were gathered at subjects'homes in 1984 using a standardised questionnaire.
Information about deaths and the corresponding dates were obtained from updated files of the Swiss Federal Office of Statistics (OFS).
Risk of mortality was examined according to a Cox model.
Main results-There were several social prognostic factors of mortality with relative risks greater than 3.0 (RR>3.0) independent of health and occupational status.
These factors were : a period of unemployment during life time, the feeling of not demonstrating initiative in the occupational setting, and not having participated in social activities.
Conclusion-The results suggest that differential mortality determined by occupational status can be explained in part by factors that are characteristic of « life style », social dynamics, occupational context, and ruptures during the course of occupational life.
Mots-clés Pascal : Suisse, Europe, Etat sanitaire, Mortalité, Incidence, Homme, Facteur risque, Etude cohorte, Statut social, Statut professionnel, Chomage, Facteur sociodémographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Switzerland, Europe, Health status, Mortality, Incidence, Human, Risk factor, Cohort study, Social status, Professional status, Unemployment, Sociodemographic factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0168558
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.