Surveillance of the overall consumption of antibacterial drugs in humans, domestic animals and farmed fish in Norway in 1992 and 1996.
The annual overall consumption of antibacterial drugs in Norway, categorized into human use, use in domestic animals and in farmed fish, was estimated from wholesaler and feed-mill sales statistics.
Comprehensive data on drug consumption in human medicine in Norway are published on a regular basis on behalf of the drug authorities.
These data, including use of antibacterial drugs, are expressed as the number of defined daily doses (DDD)/1000 inhabitants/year.
DDD cannot be employed to compare antibiotic consumption in human and veterinary medicine as it is possible to calculate such data for only a few veterinary drugs.
The only parameter for which data are generally available, so far, is the amount used in kilograms of active substance, which is the unit of measurement chosen in this study.
It was found that annual overall sales of antibacterial drugs in Norway, including antibacterial and ionophore feed additives, decreased from 77 tonnes in 1992 to 49 tonnes in 1996, a 37% reduction.
The use in 1996 in human medicine, animals and farmed fish was 35 tonnes, 13 tonnes and 1 tonne, respectively.
While the annual amounts used in human medicine remained unchanged from 1992 to 1996, therapeutic use in fish farming declined by 96%. In domestic animals, therapeutic use and use as feed additives declined by 17% and 5%, respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Norvège, Europe, Antibactérien, Consommation, Médicament, Epidémiologie, Homme, Animal domestique, Etude longitudinale, Industrie poisson, Recherche rétrospective
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Norway, Europe, Antibacterial agent, Consumption, Drug, Epidemiology, Human, Domestic animal, Follow up study, Fish industry, Retrospective searching
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0168173
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 16/11/1999.