Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups.
A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n=199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic.
The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women.
Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (K=0.64-0.92).
Discordance was high (K=0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement.
These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie, Chronique, Homme, Femelle, Ethnie, Facteur risque, Dépistage, Méthodologie, Epidémiologie, Collecte donnée, Fiabilité, Surveillance sanitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Echantillonnage, Questionnaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disease, Chronic, Human, Female, Ethnic group, Risk factor, Medical screening, Methodology, Epidemiology, Data gathering, Reliability, Sanitary surveillance, United States, North America, America, Sampling, Questionnaire
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0167942
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 16/11/1999.