Studies of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in minority populations provide researchers with an opportunity to evaluate PAD risk factors and disease severity under different types of conditions.
Examination 1 of the Strong Heart Study (1989-1992) provided data on the prevalence of PAD and its risk factors in a sample of American Indians.
Participants (N=4,549) represented 13 tribes located in three geographically diverse centers in the Dakotas, Oklahoma, and Arizona.
Participants in this epidemiologic study were aged 45-74 years ; 60% were women.
Using the single criterion of an ankle brachial index less than 0.9 to define PAD, the prevalence of PAD was approximately 5.3% across centers, with women having slightly higher rates than men.
Factors significantly associated with PAD in univariate analyses for both men and women included age, systolic blood pressure, hemoglobin A1 level, albuminuria, fibrinogen level, fasting glucose level, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and duration of diabetes.
Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict PAD for women and men combined.
Age, systolic blood pressure, current cigarette smoking, pack-years of smoking, albuminuria (micro-and macro-), low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and fibrinogen level were significantly positively associated with PAD.
Current alcohol consumption was significantly negatively associated with PAD. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Artériopathie oblitérante, Homme, Ethnie, Amérindien, Sexe, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Etude multicentrique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Artère pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occlusive arterial disease, Human, Ethnic group, Amerindian, Sex, United States, North America, America, Prevalence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Multicenter study, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Arterial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0167935
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 16/11/1999.