The goals of this study were to 1) understand the reasons that men seek prostate carcinoma screening, in light of the ongoing medical controversy surrounding screening ; and 2) assess the level of psychological distress and perceived risk among men seeking screening, and whether or not these variables were dependent on a man's family history of prostate carcinoma.
The subjects were 126 men (40% had a family history of prostate carcinoma) who participated in a free prostate carcinoma detection program.
Questionnaires, which were completed prior to prostate carcinoma screening, included demographic and medical information, reasons for screening participation, general and cancer-related psychological distress, and perceived risk for prostate carcinoma.
Among both family history groups, self-referral was the most common reason for attending the screening, compared with receiving a recommendation from a health professional or from a friend or family member.
Men with a positive family history were not more distressed than those without a family history ; but as the authors predicted, men with a positive family history of prostate carcinoma did report higher levels of perceived risk relative to those without a family history.
In addition, an interaction revealed that psychological distress was greater among men with a family history only among those who also reported elevated perceived risk. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Prostate, Dépistage, Histoire familiale, Antécédent, Effet psychologique, Perception, Facteur risque, Démographie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Prostate pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Détresse psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Prostate, Medical screening, Family story, Antecedent, Psychological effect, Perception, Risk factor, Demography, United States, North America, America, Human, Malignant tumor, Prostate disease, Urinary system disease, Male genital diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0167609
Code Inist : 002B14D02. Création : 16/11/1999.