Demographics, family histories, and psychological characteristics of prostate carcinoma screening participants.
The goals of this study were to 1) understand the reasons that men seek prostate carcinoma screening, in light of the ongoing medical controversy surrounding screening ; and 2) assess the level of psychological distress and perceived risk among men seeking screening, and whether or not these variables were dependent on a man's family history of prostate carcinoma.
The subjects were 126 men (40% had a family history of prostate carcinoma) who participated in a free prostate carcinoma detection program.
Questionnaires, which were completed prior to prostate carcinoma screening, included demographic and medical information, reasons for screening participation, general and cancer-related psychological distress, and perceived risk for prostate carcinoma.
Among both family history groups, self-referral was the most common reason for attending the screening, compared with receiving a recommendation from a health professional or from a friend or family member.
Men with a positive family history were not more distressed than those without a family history ; but as the authors predicted, men with a positive family history of prostate carcinoma did report higher levels of perceived risk relative to those without a family history.
In addition, an interaction revealed that psychological distress was greater among men with a family history only among those who also reported elevated perceived risk. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Prostate, Dépistage, Histoire familiale, Antécédent, Effet psychologique, Perception, Facteur risque, Démographie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Prostate pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Détresse psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Prostate, Medical screening, Family story, Antecedent, Psychological effect, Perception, Risk factor, Demography, United States, North America, America, Human, Malignant tumor, Prostate disease, Urinary system disease, Male genital diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0167609
Code Inist : 002B14D02. Création : 16/11/1999.