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  1. Fulltext. Community-level HIV intervention in 5 cities : Final outcome data from the CDC AIDS Community demonstration projects.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study evaluted a theory-based community-level intervention to promote progress toward consisten condom and bleach use among selected populations at increased risk for HIV infection in 5 US cities.

    Methods

    Role-model stories were distributed, along with condoms and bleach, by community members who encouraged behavior change among injection drug users, their female sex patners, sex workers, non-gay-identified men who have sex with men, high-risk youth, and residents in areas with high sexually transmitted disease rates.

    Iver a 3-year period, cross-seciontal interviews (n=15 205) wer conducted in 10 intervention and comparison community pairs.

    Outcomes were measured on a stage-of-change scale.

    Observed condom carrying and intervention exposure were also measured.

    Results

    At the community level, movement toward consistent condom use with main (P<. 05) and nonmain (P<. 05) partners, as well as increased condom carrying (P<. 0001). was greater in intervention than in comparison communities.

    At the individual level, respondents recently exposed to the intervention were more likely to carry condoms and to have higher stage-of-changes scores for condom and bleach use.

    Conclusions

    The intervention led to significant communitywide progress toward consistent HIV risk reduction.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Milieu urbain, Santé communautaire, Comportement sexuel, Utilisation, Condom, Programme sanitaire, Homme, Prise risque, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Urban environment, Community health, Sexual behavior, Use, Condom, Sanitary program, Human, Risk taking, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0164683

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.