The prevalence of major psychiatric disorders in the general population is difficult to pinpoint owing to widely divergent estimates yielded by studies employing different criteria, methods, and instruments.
Depressive disorders, which represent a sizable mental health care expense for the public purse, are no exception to the rule.
The prevalence of depressive disorders was assessed in a representative sample (n=4972) of the U.K. general population in 1994.
Interviews were performed over the telephone by lay interviewers using an expert system that tailored the questionnaire to each individual based on prior responses.
Diagnoses and symptoms lists were based on the DSM-IV.
Five percent (95% confidence interval=4.4-5.6%) of the sample was diagnosed by the system with a depressive disorder at the time of the interview, with the rate slightly higher for women (5.9%) than men (4.2%). Unemployed, separated, divorced, and widowed individuals were found to be at higher risk for depression.
Depressive subjects were seen almost exclusively by general practitioners (only 3.4% by psychiatrists).
Only 12.5% of them consulted their physician seeking mental health treatment, and 15. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Prévalence, Royaume Uni, Europe, Epidémiologie, Facteur sociodémographique, Santé mentale, Facteur risque, Homme, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Prevalence, United Kingdom, Europe, Epidemiology, Sociodemographic factor, Mental health, Risk factor, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0162507
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 16/11/1999.