Long-term effects of a community-wide alcohol server training intervention.
The Rhode Island Community Alcohol Abuse and Injury Prevention Project (CAAIPP), implemented from 1984 through 1989, employed the « community gatekeeper » approach to reduce alcohol-related injuries and deaths.
Targeting alcohol servers rather than drinkers, community-wide interventions were designed and implemented to encourage responsible serving behaviors through the adoption of techniques of responsible service.
The primary goal of the CAAIPP server intervention evaluation was to assess both short-term and long-term changes in behavior of alcohol beverage servers who were recipients of CAAIPP training.
A 5-hour training curriculum on « Responsible Alcohol Service » was offered to all alcohol servers in a randomly selected study community.
A prospective study design was used to evaluate long-term changes in the self-reported behavior of 321 trainees using three time-points over 5 years.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted 4 years posttraining to compare rates of self-reported server behaviors in the intervention community (n=106) with two comparison communities (nA=56, nB=49).
Fifteen months after training, trainees reported significantly higher levels of desired serving behavior than nontrained servers.
Though positive effects of server training diminished with time, responsible serving behavior 4 years posttraining remained higher than pretraining levels. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Prévention, Café bar, Education santé, Personnel, Responsabilité professionnelle, Programme sanitaire, Long terme, Santé mentale, Homme, Serveur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Prevention, Cafe bar, Health education, Personnel, Occupational responsibility, Sanitary program, Long term, Mental health, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0161201
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 16/11/1999.