Effects of indoor environmental factors on risk for acute otitis media in a subtropical area.
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between indoor environmental factors and acute otitis media in a subtropical area.
A case-control study was performed using participants from a prevalence survey that included 219 school children with acute otitis media and 219 age-and gender-matched controls.
The study was confined to 4164 primary school children aged 6-12 yr attending 8 primary schools in Kaohsiung rural municipalities who participated in a prevalence study of the health effects of an indoor environment.
An acute otitis media case was defined as a child with acute symptoms (presenting with earache, fever, irritability, and/or discharge from the ear) diagnosed by a physician in the previous year.
Controls selected from the same school did not have chronic or acute respiratory illness or an ear-related illness during the same period.
Information regarding the home environment was obtained using a structured written questionnaire, completed by the parents of the children.
Of the many indoor environmental factors included in this study, only living in a home with indications of dampness (mold, flooding, home dampness) showed an association with acute otitis media.
It was concluded that dampness in the home is a new public health issue in subtropical areas.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Taiwan, Asie, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Zone subtropicale, Zone rurale, Médecine tropicale, Pollution air, Pollution intérieur, Logement habitation, Questionnaire, Otite moyenne, ORL pathologie, Oreille moyenne pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Toxicity, Epidemiology, Taiwan, Asia, Child, Human, School age, Subtropical zone, Rural area, Tropical medicine, Air pollution, Indoor pollution, Housing, Questionnaire, Otitis media, ENT disease, Middle ear disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0159843
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 16/11/1999.