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  1. Update of the Texaco mortality study 1947-93 : part I. Analysis of overall patterns of mortality among refining, research, and petrochemical workers.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To update information on the workers of the Texaco mortality study to determine if the patterns of mortality have changed with 16 additional years of follow up.

    Subjects and methods-All workers were employed for >=5 years at company refineries, petrochemical plants, and research laboratories from 1947-93.

    The cohort now consists of 28 480 employees with an average of >= 20 years of follow up.

    Results

    The overall mortality, and most cause specific mortalities were lower than or similar to those for the general population of the United States.

    For white men (86% of the cohort), there were 8873 observed deaths and 11 181 expected resulting in a significantly lower standardised mortality ratio (SMR) of 79.

    There were significant deficits for all the leading causes of death in the United States including all cancers, cancer of the lung, stroke, heart disease, respiratory disease, and accidents.

    Slightly increased mortality was found for cancer of the pancreas, cancer of the brain and central nervous system, leukaemia, and cancer of other lymphatic tissue.

    For cancer of the bone, the SMR was 162 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 86 to 278), and for benign and unspecified neoplasms, it was 152 (95% CI 109 to 206).

    Overall mortality patterns for non-white men and women were similar to those for white men.

    Mortality patterns for white men were also examined by duration of employment, time first employed, location, and by job and process unit. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie pétrochimique, Homme, Mortalité, Tumeur maligne, Certificat décès, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etiologie, Facteur risque, Analyse statistique, Etude cohorte

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Occupational medicine, Petrochemical industry, Human, Mortality, Malignant tumor, Death certificate, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Etiology, Risk factor, Statistical analysis, Cohort study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0159623

    Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 16/11/1999.