To study, in institutionalized mentally retarded patients, the prevalence of regular laxative use, and to identify its correlates.
Twenty-one of the 22 institutions for the mentally retarded in Flanders (Belgium) provided the setting for the study, which included a population of 3712 residents with an IQ of<50.
This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of a random sample of 20 patients per institution, consisting of a structured interview of the personnel responsible for daily care of the selected patients.
The study population consisted of 420 mentally retarded patients.
Their median age was 29 years (range 2-72 years).
Twenty-six percent of patients had an IQ of 35-49,40% an IQ of 20-34 and 34% an IQ of<20.
Sixteen percent of the patients were non-ambulant.
Regular laxative use as found in 26.4% (111/420) of the residents.
In addition, occasional laxative use was found in 2% (10/420) of the residents.
Oral laxatives were used daily by 13% (56 420) and oral laxatives daily in combination with enemas were used by 9% (39/420).
Enemas but no oral laxatives were used by 3% (1 1/420) ; manual evacuation in combination with oral laxatives and enemas was used by 1% (5/420).
Seventy-eight percent (78/100) of the oral laxative users used them for more than I year.
Seventy-one percent (71/100) used one laxative, 23% two and 6% three.
Thirty different brands of oral laxatives were used. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Laxatif, Belgique, Europe, Institution spécialisée, Arriération mentale, Association morbide, Constipation, Prévalence, Homme, Utilisation, Epidémiologie, Voie orale, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Laxative, Belgium, Europe, Specialized institution, Mental retardation, Concomitant disease, Constipation, Prevalence, Human, Use, Epidemiology, Oral administration, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0158630
Code Inist : 002B02H. Création : 16/11/1999.