To understand the situation of antibiotic usage in primary care units in Taiwan, we collected all prescriptions over a 1 week period during March 2 to March 7,1992, December 2 to December 7,1992, and January 14 to January 19,1994 from out-patient clinics of public health stations located in various parts of Taiwan.
In the first time period 60 health stations were sampled, 18350 patient-visits made and 23 674 diagnoses recorded.
In the second time period 168 health stations were sampled, 84143 patient-visits made and 96528 diagnoses recorded.
In the third time period 173 health stations were sampled with 85623 patient-visits and 105132 diagnoses recorded.
The percentages of total patient-visits that resulted in antibiotic treatment were 16.7,13.5 and 12.4% in the three time periods, respectively.
The patient group under the age of 11 received the highest percentage of antibiotic treatment.
The percentage of patient-visits that resulted in treatment with two or more types of antibiotics decreased from 25.4% in March, 1992 to 13.2% in January, 1994.
Common cold was the most frequent diagnosis in patients receiving antibiotic therapy during the three time periods and accounted for 36.9% of total antibiotic prescriptions.
Of the patients with the diagnosis of common cold, 29.7% received antibiotic treatment, of whom the largest group were paediatric patients (<16 years). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Taiwan, Asie, Centre santé, Antibactérien, Prescription médicale, Etude longitudinale, Comparaison interindividuelle, Age, Variation saisonnière, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Taiwan, Asia, Health center, Antibacterial agent, Medical prescription, Follow up study, Interindividual comparison, Age, Seasonal variation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0157913
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 16/11/1999.