The Nordic countries, Denmark, Norway.
Sweden and Finland, started relatively early with the establishment of national committees dealing with scientific misconduct within the health sciences.
They originally included slightly different parts of the dishonesty spectrum, when launching their independent control bodies, but have since then converged ith the end result that all four countries now include all aspects of the spectrum.
In other words, the ranges now cover alleged fabrication and plagiarism on one side, and quarrels about authorship and terms of procedure within cooperating groups of scientists on the other The Nordic experiences hav e made it possible to estimate a prevalence rate of 1 2 presented cases per million inhabitants, of which only approximately 1 5 is serious.
The preventive actions have been publications of guidelines for :
scienti fic co-operatio n ;
raw da ta storage ;
Further, educationa l initiativ es include postgraduate courses for senior scientists ; postgraduate courses for junior scientists : influence v ia inquiries and investigations.
The Nordic experiences point strongly to the necessity of an independent national control body.
Mots-clés Pascal : Recherche fondamentale, Ethique, Pays Scandinaves, Europe, Code bonne pratique, Prévention, Malhonnêteté
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fundamental research, Ethics, Scandinavia, Europe, Code of practice, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0157060
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 16/11/1999.