Joint FAO/WHO Study Group for Food Safety for the products of Aquaculture. , 1997/07/22.
Aquaculture in Africa accounts for less than 2% of total domestic fish production.
Although its contribution has expanded significantly from 59 000 Mt in 1985 to 85 000 Mt in 1990, the estimated potential is 3.5 million Mt per year.
Of the 20 major species cultured, only Nile tilapia, African catfish and common carp are farmed throughout Africa.
The leading fish culture producers, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tunisia and Zambia, accounted for more than 95% of production in 1990.
Production has remained static in many countries (e.g. Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria) and has decreased in others (e.g. Madagascar, Uganda).
The potential for aquaculture in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region is 250 000 t year (present production is 5000 t year'). Extensive, small-scale fish farming has expanded in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, where there are some 25 000 fish ponds.
Fish farming has virtually ceased in Angola and is negligible in other SADC countries.
In South Africa, production increased 663% between 1982 and 1992, the fastest growth in the world.
Aquaculture development in South Africa has been market driven, dominated by large-scale producers and no small-scale operators.
Potential health hazards from aquaculture products arise from either contaminants that find their way into the fish during the process of farming (feed additives, drugs) or loss of quality due to poor handling and processing. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Aquiculture, Pisciculture, Animal élevage, Poisson comestible, Crustacé comestible, Innocuité, Contamination, Analyse des risques et maîtrise des points critiques, Afrique subsaharienne, Afrique, Malawi, Risque, Santé, Homme, Production animale, Contrôle qualité, Réglementation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aquaculture, Pisciculture, Farming animal, Edible fish, Edible crustacean, Harmlessness, Contamination, Hazard analysis critical control points, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Malawi, Risk, Health, Human, Animal production, Quality control, Regulation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0156964
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 16/11/1999.