Assault using a knife is a common problem in the United Kingdom.
Between February 1992 and December 1996,120 individuals died or received hospital treatment in Edinburgh after being assaulted with a knife.
Twenty individuals (17%) died as a result of their injuries.
Comparison of the survivors with non-survivors revealed both groups to have similar age and sex distributions, but those who died had significantly more severe injuries when scored according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale.
Eight individuals died of unsurvivable chest injuries at the scene of the attack and of the remainder, only five reached hospital with signs of life.
Analysis of hospital treatment using TRISS methodology revealed there to be two unexpected survivors and no unexpected deaths.
The risk of death appears to depend mostly upon injuries sustained and also to a lesser extent upon other factors such as alcohol consumption and the presence of a bystander capable and willing to request emergency medical assistance.
There does not appear to be much potential to save lives by improving hospital treatment for those assaulted with a knife in Edinburgh.
Instead, greater focus needs to be placed upon rapid transfer to hospital and upon restricting the possession and use of knives.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Arme blanche, Plaie pénétrante, Mortalité, Homme, Facteur risque, Indice gravité, Age, Sexe, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Période préhospitalière, Soin, Médecine légale, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Side arm, Penetrating injury, Mortality, Human, Risk factor, Severity score, Age, Sex, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Prehospital period, Care, Legal medicine, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0156259
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.