The hospitalist : New boon for internal medicine or retreat from primary care ?
The Hospitalist Movement in the United States. National Conference. San Francisco, CA, USA, 1997/12/06.
The growing reliance on hospitalists in the United States has implications for several areas of internal medicine, including patient care, administration, clinical practice, and medical education.
This paper discusses some of the potential advantages and disadvantages of the use of hospitalists in each of these areas.
The new hospitalist practice mode highlights long-standing tensions about the role and direction of internal medicine, tensions that affect generalist and specialty care in both outpatient and hospital settings.
The career trajectory of hospitalists will depend on whether burnout is a problem and on whether hospitalists will be able to compete effectively with subspecialists, such as cardiologists and physicians specializing in AIDS.
Clearly, hospitalism meets a clinical need and expands opportunities for internists, but it is important that it not overreach, forfeiting primary care turf and distorting medical education.
This new field warrants close monitoring because of its potential effects and because-unlike related fields, such as emergency medicine and intensive care-its birth was strongly influenced by system-wide financial considerations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation hospitalière, Hôpital, Médecin, Médecin généraliste, Soin, Malade, Pratique professionnelle, Enseignement professionnel, Médecine, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hospitaliste, Médecine interne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital organization, Hospital, Physician, General practitioner, Care, Patient, Professional practice, Occupational education, Medicine, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0153838
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 16/11/1999.